Three Shell Oil Company affiliates settle with EPA over violations of vehicle fuel standards

Jan. 26, 2015
Violations included selling gasoline and diesel fuel that did not conform to federal standards.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a settlement with three companies affiliated with Shell Oil Company to resolve Clean Air Act violations, including selling gasoline and diesel fuel that did not conform to federal standards. These violations resulted in excess emissions of harmful air pollutants from motor vehicles, which pose public health threats and environmental impacts.

The companies will pay a $900,000 penalty to resolve these violations.

“Fuel standards established under the Clean Air Act play a major role in controlling harmful air pollution from vehicles and engines,” said Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. “If unchecked, these pollutants can seriously impair the air we breathe, especially during summer months when they can reach higher levels. This settlement makes clear that if companies fail to produce fuels that comply with federal standards, they will be held accountable.”

Actions by three companies affiliated with Shell Oil Company — Deer Park Refining Limited Partnership, Motiva Enterprises LLC and Equilon Enterprises LLC, which does business as Shell Oil Products U.S. — are alleged to have resulted in violations of the provisions of the Clean Air Act that ensure the production, testing and sale of high-quality vehicle and engine fuels in the United States.

Specifically, EPA alleged that:

  • Shell sold mislabeled diesel fuel — fuel labeled ultra-low sulfur diesel that was actually low sulfur fuel — at two gas stations in Northern Virginia. EPA inspectors discovered the violations at the stations, one of which came after receiving a complaint from a consumer. Low sulfur diesel fuel contains up to 500 parts per million of sulfur; ultra-low sulfur diesel may not exceed 15 parts per million of sulfur.
  • Shell sold over 4.2 million gallons of gasoline that exceeded a fuel standard for volatility, known as the Reid Vapor Pressure level, that helps control ground level ozone during summer months. Gasoline with higher volatility results in increased emissions of volatile organic compounds, which contribute to the formation of ground level ozone. Breathing ozone can trigger a variety of health problems, particularly for children, the elderly and people who have lung diseases such as asthma.
  •  Shell distributed about 700,000 gallons of gasoline from its Sewaren, N.J., terminal that contained elevated levels of ethanol. Excess ethanol in gasoline can harm emission control components on some vehicles and engines. The Reformulated Gasoline Survey Association, an organization that works to improve industry compliance with Clean Air Act fuel standards, identified the fuel with excess ethanol after surveying Shell retail stations in Irvington, N.J., and Staten Island, N.Y., and notified the EPA.
  • Shell failed to follow various protocols for sampling, testing, reporting and record-keeping requirements that help ensure compliance of its fuel with federal standards. Shell proactively reported some of these violations to the EPA. Record-keeping, reporting, sampling and testing violations reduce the EPA’s ability to know whether fuels meet certain standards and can lead to increased vehicle emissions.

Sponsored Recommendations

Variable Valve Timing (VVT) Training Series

Almost every new vehicle is equipped with VVT technology. This video explains the weak points in OE designs and gives you a complete overview of the replacement options available...

Cam & Crank Sensor Training Series

Today's advanced engines depend on accurate and consistent information from cam and crank sensors for performance, fuel economy and emissions, and not all cam and crank sensors...

Buying Your Next Diagnostic Tablet

When you last invested in a diagnostic tablet for your shop, did you consider it a potential gateway to increased revenue? Probably not. It’s likely you viewed it as a necessary...

Access Carside OEM Repair Data with MOTOR TruSpeed

Now available on all Autel MaxiSYS Ultra Series tools, MOTOR TruSpeed Repair delivers expanded OEM service and repair data within days of being published by

Voice Your Opinion!

To join the conversation, and become an exclusive member of Vehicle Service Pros, create an account today!